What is Stress? Effects of stress, How to Reduce Stress?

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What is Stress Effects of stress, How to Reduce Stress

Stress is a natural phenomenon that happens due to intellectual reactions to the situations of life. Waiting in a traffic jam, upcoming exams, late for a meeting and various other life experiences cause the development of stress hormones. The continuous trigger of stress leads to a serious attack on the health of a person. 

According to medical studies, stress is considered as physical, emotional, and mental fusion which causes adverse effects on internal illness. Stress develops a “fight or flight” response, which is a complex reaction of the endocrinology and neurologic system. Symptoms of stress can be both physical and emotional. Physical symptoms of stress include constipation, headache, stomach ache, diarrhea, fast breathing, sudden infections, shivering, nervousness, insomnia, and frequent aches. Emotional symptoms of stress make you feel like everything you earned is losing, frequent mood swings, anxiety, loneliness, strained energy, and feeling degraded.

What is Stress Effects of stress, How to Reduce Stress

Stress over daily experiences is a part of life but when long-lasting stress leads to a severe impact on the health of the people. Stress leads the body to release hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol. Releasing such hormones develops a person’s risk of fast breath and heart rate. 

Effects of stress:

1.) Musculoskeletal pain: Whenever a human body gets regular stress than the muscles also get tensed. The adverse effect of stress leads to headaches and migraine which is directly related to long-lasting stress. As and when the stress passes the muscle pain also eases with it. Musculoskeletal pain associated with the workplace and causes lower back pain and upper border.

2.) Cardiovascular: The cardiovascular system comprises two elements namely heart and blood vessels (circulatory system). Both of the elements work hand in hand, heart pumps, and pushes the blood to various organs and cells of the body and thereby blood provides nutrients and oxygen to each and every cell present in a human body.

Prolonged stress increases the amount of blood circulated to the parts of the body resulting in blood pressure. The constant stress experienced by the body can result in an increase in risk for heart attack, stroke, and hypertension.

3.) Digestive system: When dealing with continuous, a liver in the human body produces an excess of glucose which boosts energy. Therefore a person when undergoing stress is not able to cope with extra blood sugar. This will result in the development of type 2 diabetes.

4.) Reproductive system: Continuous and prolonged stress results in a drop of man’s testosterone which will result in lower production of sperm causing impotence. Stress can also cause infection in the male reproductive system.

In the case of women, stress can adversely affect their body by affecting their menstruation period causing heavier, irregular cycle.

5.) Respiratory System: Respiration involves the supply of oxygen to the various cells of the body and the removal of carbon dioxide. Prolonged stress can cause fast breathing or shortness of breath.

Ways to manage stress:

Though the above paragraphs might be quite depressing as learning more about stress may feel unable to regain control over one’s body but various tricks and change in lifestyle will lead humans to live a peaceful life. Therefore not all of the stress can vanish in a second because the lives of people are full of stress but the response towards the faced situation can be changed.

Below are the mentioned tips which can be practiced regularly to calm the mind:

1.) Breathe calmly: Take some time out of your busy schedule every day and try to calm your mind and body both. Spare a few minutes to breathe deeply each day which relief the mind from stress. Breathing deeply is such a good idea as it can be initiated anywhere in a comfort zone. During this activity try to calm all the body parts starting with jaw then shoulders and various other parts.

2.) Sharing with near and dear ones: Speaking the heart out can help an individual to soothe the disruptive ongoing feelings within the mind.

3.) Working out: Exercising regularly helps in the increase production of endorphins, this chemical helps in the reduction of stress and boost mood. Exercising may involve doing yoga, aerobics, cycling, running, and sports etc. 

4.) Alter sleep schedule: Getting less sleep may result in an increment of stress. Therefore with utter discipline try to indulge in 7-8 hours of sleep. In addition to this fix a time slot that is followed regularly.

5.) Eating habits: For maintaining good health try to be focused more on a healthy and balanced diet. Eating good food will help to maintain jolly mood and energy in the body. Diet must include nuts, full-fat dairy products, vegetables, fruits, whole grains.

In case the above-mentioned points seem to be less working and helpful, then make sure to contact your doctor or health professional immediately to seek treatment. A doctor will provide essential support and help to deal with chronic stress.



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